Despite the enactment of the Fifteenth Amendment, governments and private individuals used a variety of tactics to prevent blacks from exercising their right to vote. Such tactics included poll taxes, property requirements, intimidation, and other mechanisms designed to discourage blacks from voting. To address these inequities, Congress in 1965 passed the Voting Rights Act. Among other provisions, this Act prohibited requirements that voters take literacy tests or pay poll taxes prior to receiving the right to vote. Provisions in other statutes further enhanced voting rights. The Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment provides additional protection against discrimination in voting.